I am teaching “Language & Technology” this semester. One of the first assignments – drawing on David Barton’s suggestions for writing ‘techno-linguistic biographies’ – asks students to write a journal-style entry in response to the following prompt: “Thinking of yesterday, what digital technologies did you first deal with when you woke up, and how did this continue during the day? Walk me through your engagement with different online media throughout the day, in a chronological fashion.”
Reading my students’ responses, I am equally impressed by their talent for writing (by this, I mean that each and every response is compelling in its own way), as well with several of the trends that I’m seeing. I’ve chosen to write about these trends using the collective pronoun ‘we,’ because I believe that many of us go about our daily existence in a similarly mediated (and mediatized) fashion.
So here we go. This is a composite snapshot of what our typical daily engagement with technology looks like.
90% of us (18/20) are awakened by our phones, which we reach for and “check” for notifications (email, text) and then “scroll” through social media apps. Several of us do this while we are still in bed, and before we have even had our morning coffee. The adverbials that appear alongside our descriptions of this activity include instantly, consistently, automatically, first thing, every morning, still half-asleep, and with eyes half-open.
Facebook is still the most frequently mentioned type of social media. Many of us (8/10) mention “checking Facebook,” yet none of us really conveys a very strong sense of enthusiasm about Facebook (…as in “I even checked FB” x2). For those of us who listed our “typical” daily sequence of checking social media accounts, Facebook is the very last one we check. It seems like our growing dissatisfaction with Facebook has to do with a sense that it has been colonized by commercial interests. As one of us points out “…recently, Facebook has been getting filled with more and more advertisements, viral videos and click bait.”
Checking Facebook almost feels like an obligatory ritual, or a chore. Only one of us mentions posting a status update. A handful of us post birthday wishes we have been notified about, and several of us “like” something that’s been posted by someone else. One of us works in place that posts daily work updates on FB; one of us has an academic advisor who uses FB as primary mode of communication.
In contrast, Instagram is the social media app we tend to use primarily to communicate with family and friends (for 7/20 of us, anyway), followed by Snapchat (5/20). Only 20% of us are looking at Twitter today – including one of us who identifies Twitter as the only form of social media used.
Only two of us post photos on social media. In both cases they are selfies.
Only two of us mention looking at online reviews (Rotten Tomatoes, Amazon).
There are just a few of us (4/20) who use What’s App, but others of us mention using other chat programs. Only one of us mentions using Skype, and it’s to talk to someone who’s in another country. Several of us, of course, still use our phone to call people.
Lots of us multitask, like having multiple tabs open at once – the highest number reported is 16. Also we often interrupt other activities we are engaged in, e.g.: “In the time it’s taken me to write this full paragraph, I’ve stopped to check my email and Facebook twice each, and checked Snapchat on my phone once.” Or taking breaks during reading (between paragraphs) to see what the family group is chatting about on What’s App.
ALL of us use email and text messages. Most of us refer to having more than one email account: three seems to be the average. The majority of us refer to “checking” email and texting on multiple occasions throughout the day.
Many of us use apps for informational purposes, like weather reports, traffic updates, and news. And to do business (shop, pay bills, do banking).
All of us use technology on a daily basis for educational purposes (Canvas, Google to look stuff up, Google translate, GoogleCalendar and Dropbox). Many of us use technology for entertainment (Netflix, Amazon, Hulu). Lots of us use technologies to listen to music at various points throughout the day (often in our cars, or while working out): Spotify, Pandora, Rhapsody, itunes, Youtube. And the majority of us mentions Youtube – not only for music, but for watching other kinds of videos as well.
Only 3 of us mention our favorite game, which we play regularly.
Social media, for many of us, is an important tool for staying connected with our families and friends (and, as one of us puts it, SM enables us “to feel like [we’re] not alone in cyberspace”). At the same time, several of us admit that we use these platforms as a way to “eat up time” “kill time” and “pass the time.” We are, it turns out, doing a lot of “checking” “scrolling” and “clicking” in our daily lives.
Finally, about 25% of us refer to deliberately restricting or limiting our use of digital media at different points in our day.